Papermaking and silk papermaking require fibres similar to those for feltmaking, but use quite different techniques in the creations of the papers (since these vegetable fibres do not possess the scales of animal fibres that allow felting).
Cotton fibres are used to create the finest handmade papers using a deckle and mould. Whereas silk paper either requires fibres to contain gum to establish a bond or to layer un-gummed silk with a glue medium. These fibres can be smooth and glossy or textured and knobbly. The fibres can be dyed prior to making the paper or once the paper is complete.